Effects of Smoking on Serum Ferritin levels in adult population living in Sulaymaniyah, Iraq: A Retrospective Cross-sectional Study

Authors

  • Jihad M. Hadi Nursing Department, College of Nursing, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1116-5885
  • Shanya B. Shawkat Department of Medical Laboratory of Science, College of Health Sciences, University of Human Development, Kurdistan Regional, Iraq.
  • Hwda Gh. Rauf Kurdistan Technical Institute, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
  • Soma A. Hama Karim Department of Medical Laboratory of Science, College of Health Sciences, University of Human Development, Kurdistan Regional, Iraq.
  • Ayman M. Mustafa Department of Medical Laboratory of Science, College of Health Sciences, University of Human Development, Kurdistan Regional, Iraq.
  • Soz N. Muhammad Department of Medical Laboratory of Science, College of Health Sciences, University of Human Development, Kurdistan Regional, Iraq.
  • Mhamad S. Abdullah Department of Medical Laboratory of Science, College of Health Sciences, University of Human Development, Kurdistan Regional, Iraq.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22317/imj.v7i2.1238

Abstract

Objectives: The current study aims to examines the effect of smoking on serum ferritin levels of adult populations in Sulaymaniyah. 

Methods: The study was conducted on 80 smokers and 20 non-smokers, totally 100 persons. Their ages ranged from 18 to 65 years.

Results: This study showed that the majority of smokers had elevated ferritin levels. A p-value of less than 0.05 indicated a significant difference in ferritin levels between smokers and non-smokers groups. The average ferritin level among smoker group was 227.40 mg/L, while the average ferritin level among non-smokers group was 118.3 mg/L. Regarding the associated between age groups and average ferritin levels, the average ferritin level is highest in the age groups between 51-61 years old. In addition, obesity may play a role in raising ferritin levels, people with obese conditions (BMI > 30) have the highest average ferritin levels than others.

Conclusion: This study provides evidence that smoking negatively affect serum ferritin levels, since increases in mean ferritin levels are very striking in smoking and obese group.

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Published

2023-06-26

How to Cite

Hadi, J. M. ., Shawkat, S. B. ., Rauf, H. G. ., Karim, S. A. H. ., Mustafa, A. M. ., Muhammad, S. N. ., & Abdullah, M. S. . (2023). Effects of Smoking on Serum Ferritin levels in adult population living in Sulaymaniyah, Iraq: A Retrospective Cross-sectional Study. Iraq Medical Journal, 7(2), 40–45. https://doi.org/10.22317/imj.v7i2.1238

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